Mining and quarrying made up about 0.4% of the Slovenia GDP. The value of mining-and-quarrying-related commodity imports and exports was about $701 million and $52 million, respectively, which accounted for about 2% of the value of total imports and 0.2% of the value of exports.

Primary aluminum production in Slovenia

In 2008, Slovenia produced aluminum, secondary refined lead, and steel, as well as a modest amount of industrial minerals and mineral fuels. Primary aluminum production decreased by about 25% compared with production in 2007, and crude steel production increased by about 5%.

Slovenia has no significant mineral fuel resources and remained dependent on imports for most of its energy needs. Coal is produced at two mines near Trbovlje and Velenje and is used for electricity production at the Trbovlje and the Sostanj thermal powerplants.

Slovenia’s nonfuel mineral resources

Slovenia’s nonfuel mineral resources included lead-zinc (from Mezica) and mercury (mined and smelted in Idrija). The country relied heavily on ferrous ores and metals, and other mining and quarrying products, for, among others, an aluminum plant at Kidricevo, and the iron-and steel-producing facilities at Jesenice, Ravne, and Store. The mining and quarrying share of industrial output declined by 2.7% in 2000, as did that of industrial mineral products, which declined by 3.6%. Apart from being a substantial producer of glass sand (200,000 tons in 2000), Slovenia was also a modest producer of ceramic clay, kaolin, gypsum, lime, pumice, quartz, quartzite, salt, sand and gravel, silica, and dimension stone, mostly for domestic uses.

Slovenia quarries and surface mines

The mines producing non-metals still have a future, however, and are continuously being developed. The same applies to quarries and deposits of various other materials needed by the construction industry. Slovenia enjoys a rich tradition of harvesting non-metal mineral deposits and other materials required by the construction industry, both in quarries and surface mines. Over a 100 companies and individuals own mining rights for non-metals and stone, resulting in over 200 surface mines and quarries.

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